Aphids

Aphid Overview

There are close to 5,000 species of aphids in the world but only around 400 of them are considered to be nuisance insects. They are seen in a variety of colors like black, green, and white. It is not common for them to get to the point where they are an infestation but it is possible. They live and feed on a wide variety of different vegetations depending on the species of aphid. They can reproduce quickly and all those insects are going to need food in order to sustain them.

Damage

Aphids feed by piercing vegetation and sucking the sap from within the plant. This makes it difficult for the plant to continue to grow and it can commonly lead to killing the plant. They transmit diseases and viruses to the plants that they feed on which is the biggest issue that they pose to crops. These diseases can wipe out a crop if it is not dealt with. They also secrete a substance known as honeydew. This substance can foster the growth of mold and also attract other insects to the plant.

Control and Prevention

Due to there small size, controlling and exterminating populations can be very difficult. When it comes to large quantities of crops, it can be the kind of thing that will require constant care and attention. The first thing that should be done if an aphid infestation is suspected is a call to a professional so that you can get the proper information and right advice on the steps that need to be taken. They can also come out and inspect the areas to help you formulate a game plan to assist you with your problem. They may advise you of a few steps that can be taken in order to address the problem.

Pesticides can be used but if they are located on the underside of the leaf and the pesticide doesn’t get on them they can survive.

It may also be a good idea to allow natural predators lose throughout your crops. Birds and predatory insects (like ladybugs) very often prey on these particular insects.

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